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     Highlits & Features 

Achievements of the Agriculture Production Department during(2009-2011)


1.       The department is ready to unveil a new Agriculture Policy that will lay down a medium to long term road map for multi-sectoral initiatives for engendering ecologically desirable, environmentally sustainable and economically viable growth in the Agriculture and allied sectors. The proposed policy will shift the focus from the existing food grain driven farming to the high value segment of agriculture closely linked to modern logistics, processing and organized retailing, all as a part of one integrated agri-system in the form of the value chain. Diversification, however, will not be at the expense of food grain cultivation, as crop adjustment procedures like double cropping are being promoted in a big way in the Valley.

2.       The department has regularized the services of 2642‘ Rehbar-e-Zirat ’stipendiaries who were registered in the year 2007. The regularization will be carried out in a staggered manner, spread over three phases, starting 2014. In each phase, a third of the total registered candidates shall be regularized. Employment on such a massive scale is the single most important employment-centric initiative, across all the Government sectors, during the last three years.

3.       A board for the development of ‘ Kissans ’ has been constituted in the state to empower the farmers, so that they have a say in policy formulation and the implementation of Schemes in the agriculture sector. It will act as a bridge between the farming community and the functionaries of the Agriculture Production Department.

4.       The production of cereal crops in the Valley has trended up since FY 2009. In percentage terms, on YoY basis, there has been 6 per cent increase in the production of rice in FY 2011, while as in the case of maize and wheat, the increase has hovered around 13 and 6 per cent respectively. In the FY 2012, the YoY increase in respect of these crops is expected to be 12, 25 and 32 percent respectively. The productivity levels of these crops have also registered an appreciable increase over the same period (2009-2011). In absolute terms, the increase has been of the order of 4 qtl / ha, 4 qtl/ha and 2 qtl/ha in respect of rice, maize and wheat respectively. In Jammu division, between FY 2009 and 2012, the increase in the production levels of rice, maize and wheat is expected to be 5, 20 and 10 per cent respectively.

5.       Vegetable cultivation in the state is a spectacular success story. There has been an increase from 13.92 lakh Mts in the FY 2009 to 14.65 lakh Mts in FY 2011 and from 60000 hectares to 62000 hectares in the area under vegetable cultivation during the same period. Vegetable export from the state has more than doubled from Rs. 100 crore in the FY 2009 to Rs. 225 crore in the FY 2011. Around three-quarters increase is expected in the FY 2012 over the export earnings of FY 2011.

6.    The department has launched a Vegetable Initiative for Urban Clusters in Srinagar and Jammu during the FY 2012 with an outlay of Rs. 18 crore. The initiative envisages end-to-end linkage in vegetable production, marketing and processing through emphasis on baseline surveys and organization of farmers’ groups. Apart from raising the production and productivity levels, the project will also ensure regulated arrivals in the markets with adequate returns to the farmers.

7.       There has been significant increase in the seed replacement rates (SRR), across different crops in the state, with the infusion of more liquidity in the sector. The SRR of rice in the Valley has increased from 9.5 per cent in the FY 2009 to 16.3 per cent in the FY 2011. Likewise, in the case of wheat and oilseeds, the SRR has shown a spike to the levels even beyond the national average of 25 per cent during the same period. In Jammu division, the SRR of rice has increased to 25 per cent while in the case of maize and wheat, the replacement rate has enhanced to the levels of 11.20 and 30 per cent respectively during the same period.

8.       There has also been a switch towards hybridization of agriculture for production and productivity augmentation. As a part of this process, 2000 quintals of hybrid maize seeds were distributed, amongst the farmers in the Valley, during the ‘Kharief’season of the FY 2011 while 6666.25 qtls of hybrid maize seeds were distributed amongst the farmers in Jammu division during the same year.

9.       The supply of fertilizers in the state has been revamped. More companies have been roped in for supplying fertilizers in the state. As a consequence, there has been an increase in the use of fertilizers in the state from 1.98 lac MTs in the FY 2009 to 2.26 lac Mts in the FY 2011. Fertilizer consumption in the state is expected to touch 2.28 lac MTs in the FY 2012. For the first time, buffer stocks of urea at the level of 5000 Mt was maintained for emergency interventions, which has now been authorized by the GoI to be scaled up to the level of 10000 Mt. The State Government has also been authorized to maintain advance stocking in the case of DAP and MOP at the level of three rakes and one rake respectively to overcome chronic shortages of these fertilisers. Once in place, this will be another far reaching intervention in the agriculture sector of the State.

10.     Niche products like saffron are being given a complete makeover. An ambitious national mission for the rejuvenation of saffron cultivation, with an investment of Rs. 372.18 crore, has been launched in the state. It is expected to double the production and productivity of saffron in the state at the end of the mission’s life of four years. In the second year of its implementation, rejuvenation/replanting of saffron corms has been carried out over an area of about 347 ha in the Valley.  Under the mission, marketing facilities are also envisaged to be made available to saffron growers at Pampore itself by establishing a modern saffron park and fully enabled saffron ‘ mandi ’. In this behalf, the establishment of a saffron park is, presently, in progress.

11.     The famous ‘basmati’ rice, grown in the RS Pura belt of Jammu and its adjoining areas, is in for a big boost.  On the request of the Agriculture Production Department, the GoI has relaxed the standards laid down for the export of ‘basmati’ rice. This has led to a spurt in export of basmati rice from Jammu.

12.     In addition to strengthening the existing soil testing labs, the department has also set up a series of stationary and mobile soil testing laboratories across the state. While the stationary soil testing labs have been established in all the districts of the state, the footprint of the mobile testing labs is being progressively increased across the state.

13.     The department, in collaboration, with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has decided to install Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) in all the 22 districts of the state, which will help in providing weather based data to the farming community to enable them to combat the vagaries of weather. In 12 districts, land for the above purpose stands acquired and the ISRO is in the process of installing the AWSs. In respect of the remaining districts, the process of acquisition of land for setting up the AWSs is being expedited.

14.     The GoI approved special grants of Rs 100 crore in the FY 2011for the SKUAST-K to meet its infrastructure requirements. This is expected to help the varsity become a center of excellence.

15.      The state has been acknowledged as the best in the horticulture space in the country and conferred the ‘Agriculture Leadership Award-2011’ during the FY 2012.

16.     The area under fruit crops in the state has increased from 3 lac hain the FY 2009 to 3.25 lac ha in the FY 2011. During the FY 2012, the area expansion is expected to increase by another 11000hac. Likewise, the production during this period has gone up from 16.90lac MT in the FY 2009 to 22.20 lac Mt in FY 2011.

17.     The share of the horticulture sector in the agriculture GSDP is about 45 %. The sector generated an annual income of Rs. 3500 crore in the FY 2011, which also included a foreign exchange component of Rs. 209 crore. The foreign exchange earnings are expected to touch Rs. 250 crore in the FY 2012.

18.     A National Mission on Medicinal Plants, with an outlay of Rs. 6.34 crore, has been approved for the first time in the state during FY 2010. The mission is being implemented through farmers’ organisations, self-help groups and associations of individuals in a project mode within the cluster. The mission envisages  the development of nurseries for quality plant material, cultivation, processing, warehousing, setting-up/up gradation of infrastructure under the agricultural ‘mandis’ and setting up of new herbal ‘ mandis ’.

19.     Two new apricot varieties, namely, ‘ Satini ’ and ‘ Yarawani ’, imported from Armenia, have been introduced for trial purposes at Leh, Kargil, Bandipora, Zakura and Shopian. These varieties are expected to give four times more yield than the presently cultivated varieties in the state. Their successful adoption in the state will effect a significant turnaround in the production and productivity of apricots in the state.

20.     The department has been working for the revival of the indigenous ‘Ambri’ variety of apples. This variety has an edge over other varieties in respect of richness of aroma and taste. During the last two fiscals, the department has propagated about 17592 fruit plants of this variety across the Valley. Efforts are on to propagate it on a much larger scale.

21.     The concept of canopy management in grapes by the installation of the bower system has added a new dimension to grape cultivation in Ganderbal. During FYs 2010 and 2011, 326 bower systems were installed and an amount of Rs. 56 lacs released to the beneficiaries as assistance.

22.     The department has also moved towards area centric diversification into niche products. As a part of this effort, an area of 87 ha has been brought under Aloe vera cultivation in Jammu division. Two processing units in this space have also been set up in Jammu division to create value in the segment.

23.     To augment the availability of water resources, 210 and 394 bore-wells and water harvest tanks respectively have been dug up/established in the state during FY 2009-11. Protected cultivation has also been resorted to on a large scale to generate incomes and options for the farmers all the year round. During FYs 2009-11, an area of 24,600 Sq m in Jammu has been brought under protected cultivation. In the Valley, an area of 36367 Sq m has been brought under protected cultivation during the same period.

24.     There are 18 cold stores in the state with a capacity of 33150 Mts. The balance capacity requirement of cold storage is 516039 MTs for A grade fruits only. The balance cold store requirement will be met either through PPP or private intervention for which efforts are presently underway.

25.     As a part of the development of post harvest infrastructure in the Horticulture sector, 11 F&V satellite markets have been completed during the last three years (FY 2009-2011) at a cost of Rs. 15.38 crore. None of the F&V satellite markets could be completed before FY 2009.Besides, 1216 shop sites have been allotted to the fruit growers/traders during the last FYs (2009-2011).This has made life easier for the growers as marketing facilities have now become available at the doorstep of the producers. Besides, business worth thousands of crores is being conducted through these ‘ mandis ’.

26.     The fruit markets, located at Parimpora in Srinagar and Narwal in Jammu, previously owned by the SDA and JDA respectively, have been transferred to the Horticulture (P&M) department, which has already initiated development programmes for these markets.

27.     Cocoon production has increased from 738 MT in the FY 2009 to 860 MT in the FY 2011 and is expected to reach 920 MT in the FY 2012. The income generated by the sale of cocoons showed a remarkable increase to Rs 11 crore in the FY 2011 from 4.5 crore in the FY 2009. In percentage terms, this constitutes an increase of 141 per cent.

28.     The crop productivity per ounce of silkworm seed has increased to 35 kg in the FY 2010 from 32 kg in the FY 2009. This has been possible due to multipronged technological interventions in the sector.

29.     Traditionally, J&K has been a mono-crop region with Sericulture being a subsidiary occupation. In order to make it remunerative for the beneficiaries, the department, with the assistance of the Central Silk Board and the SKUAST, has introduced double cropping in the Valley. In Jammu division, the effort has been taken to a still higher level by introducing a three crop adjustment programme. The introduction of multi-cropping in the state is expected to increase the production levels significantly.

30.     The sale of green cocoons was organized, for the first time in the FY 2011, in the cocoon auction market at Srinagar for the two districts of Srinagar and Budgam. The sale of green cocoons was extremely remunerative for the farmers in stark contrast to the price realized by the sale of dry cocoons.

31.     Raw silk production has increased from 82 MT in the FY 2009 to 107.5 Mt in the FY 2011, which represents an increase of 31 per cent. The production is expected to increase to the level of 115 Mt in the FY 2012.

32.     Revenue to the growers from commercial floriculture increased from 7.22 crore in the FY 2009 to15 crore in the FY 2011. The returns are expected to go up as high as 18 crore in the FY 2012.

33.     The area under floriculture in the state has increased from 200 hac in the FY 2009 to 300 hac in the FY 2011. Area expansion in this sector is likely to be in the vicinity of 400 hac in the FY 2012.

34.     In the post harvest space, the department has purchased 17 refrigerated vans to facilitate the transportation of the highly perishable floricultural produce in protected conditions. Also, 14 walk-in-cold rooms have been set up across the state to ensure that losses, arising from the perishable nature of the produce, could be minimized to derive appropriate value from the investments made at the pre-harvest link in the chain.

35.     Restoration and conservation of the heritage gardens at Nishat, Shalimar, Achabal and Verinag have been taken up on a large scale with financial support from the INTACH and the 12thFinance Commission. The water body at Verinag has been restored to the extent of 95 per cent. The ‘Baradari’ and water body on the 13th terrace in Nishat garden has been restored to the extent of 60 per cent and the Central water body at Achabal has been restored to the extent of 95 per cent, besides restoration of the ‘Baradari’ to the extent of 50 per cent.

36.     The GoI has approved a Centrally Sponsored Scheme-‘Support to State Extension Work Programmes for Extension Reforms’ for an amount of Rs. 1001.21 lacs during FY 2011. Under the Scheme, two state level training centres have been established, one each at SKUAST-J and SKUAST-K for dedicated extension programmes.

37.     As a part of the extension effort undertaken in the FY 2011, 722 officials have been trained for extension activities while 480 farmers have been deputed for training. In addition, 55 farmers were deputed outside the state on exposure visits. Further, 28 ‘ Kissan Melas ’ were organized at the block level in different blocks across the state. Three state level exhibitions/’KisanMelas’ were held, one each at Baramulla and Anantnag in Kashmir division and one at Jammu in Jammu division.

38.     To encourage the farming community and to recognize significant achievements in agriculture, the department has, for the first time, instituted awards at State, District and Block levels. During FY 2011, 4 State, 20 District and 248 Block level awards were given under the Scheme.


General Agriculture Profile of J&K State

  1. 80% population dependant on agriculture.
  2. Small/Marginal Farmers are 85%.
  3. Small and fragmented land holdings (Av. holding size: 0.66 ha.).
  4. Huge diversity in physio-graphic features and agro climate at micro & macro level (sub tropical, temperate, inter mediate & cold arid zones exist).
  5. Hilly terrain
  6. Increasing pressure on land due to growing urbanization.
  7. Fragile Soil in hilly areas susceptible to soil erosion.
  8. Limits to mechanized farming and transportation of products.
  9. Extreme limits to irrigability of cultivated land.
  10. Single Cropping season in temperate / high altitude areas.
  11. Inadequate and unorganized marketing infrastructure.
  12. Distant markets for export outside the State
  13. Food grain production is around 16 lakh MT
  14. Contributes 27 % to State Gross Domestic Product.

Land Resource in J&K:

Area(Lac Ha.)
Non-Agri Lands
Barren & Un-cultivable lands
Pastures & other grazing land
Land under Misc. trees
Cultivable Waste Land
Fallow land
Net Sown Area
Total Reported Area


Area under various crops in J & K State:

Crops Area(Lac Ha.)
Paddy 2.58 Lac Ha
Maize 3.19 Lac Ha
Wheat 2.62 Lac Ha
Pulses 0.30 Lac Ha
Vegetables 0.51 Lac Ha
Flowers 0.00250 Lac Ha
Other cereals & millets 0.38 Lac Ha
Oilseeds 0.62 Lac Ha


Fruit production

  1. Area under horticulture in the State is 325134 hectares.
  2. Production of fruits fresh and dry in the State during 2010-11 was 22.22 lakh Mts.
  3. Earned Rs. 2500 crores annual income from fresh fruit, Rs 300 crores from dry fruit.
  4. 5 lakh families directly/indirectly involved .
  5. 27 lakh people involved in the trade.
  6. Each hectare of Orchard generates 400 man days per year (1.30 lac man - year).
  7. Over 7 crore boxes of fruit exported per year.



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